The Proprioceptive system is composed of sensory receptors in the muscles and tendons that inform the central nervous system as to the the varying lengths of muscles, as well as the force loads traveling through the tendons. This notifies us as to how and where our body and limits are oriented in space.


The human body has many regulating control systems that function via the nervous system. Receptors exists in our muscles which recognize when the length of the muscle fibers are changing. These act as protective mechanisms for the muscles. With excessive lengthening of a muscle, a reflex will be initiated. Which will cause a muscle to contract in order to prevent a ligament strain or muscle strain. A similar system exists in tendons, but it instead is dependent on force being loaded through the tendon rather than on it’s length. These two regulatory systems of the muscles and tendons contribute to what is known as Proprioception.

When an Athletes balance is jeopardized by external forces such as being: bumped, slip, fall, etc. the correct muscles must be prepared to engage immediately. When muscles respond quickly to perturbations, injury is less likely and performance is more likely to be enhanced.

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